The territory of the ancient state - Uzbekistan - played a key role in the emergence of the Great Silk Road, the cradle of the Tamadduns. Samarkand, which can be described as the unifier of the earth, was the golden belt of this road, a cultural and educational center. Naturally, thanks to this Transcontinental Highway, not only the ancestors of the Uzbeks, but also the cultural, educational, philosophical and scientific heritage of the peoples of states from China to Europe left their mark on the region.


    -Based on the opinions of the rector of Samarkand State University, scientist of the Republic of Uzbekistan Rustam Khalmuradov and SamSU professor Erkin Musulmonov, syncretic relations between certain peoples were also reflected in the field of house building and architecture, which were influenced by the philosophical and cultural heritage. According to the general idea of ​​the study, where science and culture developed, architecture developed there, where gourmets originated.

    The book examines this issue using the example of modern Chinese culture and mythology, and this approach to the topic sheds light on many problems associated with historical construction in the field of architecture. After all, any architectural monument of the past is necessarily based on the worldview of the people who created it: in the images of hanging roofs and dragons in Chinese binoculars or in the images of blue domes in Samarkand madrasahs, tigers and deer in the Bahadur Yalangtush madrasah, of course, there is also a certain symbolism.

    The study of such features in national architecture shows the evolution of the process of materialization of spiritual values ​​and concepts in the form of buildings.

    As far as I know, not only in Uzbekistan, but also in Central Asia, the culture, mythology and architecture of certain peoples have been studied in the form of a monographic study. In this context, I think it is appropriate to recognize that this book is a rare resource in the study of the cultural heritage of the peoples of the Great Silk Road.

    The first and second renaissances that took place in our Holy Land were undoubtedly heavily influenced by the Great Silk Road and the various cultures that passed through it. The same idea is reflected in the book itself. Because the cultural and scientific whim arose for a reason, out of nowhere. As we have already said, the social upsurge occurred in the uluses created by people who demonstrated a rich spiritual heritage, culture, art and incomparable urban growth.

    The Great Silk Road did not pass through the desolate desert, the urban infrastructure was not formed, there were no caravanserais and markets, as it played an important role in ensuring the safety of not only material goods, but also caravan passengers traveling long distances. Therefore, when marking on the map the territories along which the Great Silk Road passed, it is certainly appropriate to pay attention to the fact that the culture and urban development of peoples developed.

    This study tells about the cultural history of the Chinese people, who stood at the origins of the Great Silk Road, the views of such philosophers as Confucius, the Laotians, mythological concepts, the peculiar art of binoculars that arose on their soil. One noteworthy aspect is that there seems to be a merit in shaping Chinese culture and architecture for those of us who have been to Chin land.

    We hope that the theme of this book, which serves as an important resource in the study and teaching of the social sciences and humanities, will be continued, and another source will appear on the field that will tell about the commonality in the rich culture, mythology and architecture of such ancient cities as Samarkand, pass (Fergana), Bukhara, Termez, which occupied an important place on the Great Silk Road.

    This study is a kind of symbol of the fact that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization was published on the eve of the Samarkand Summit, which calls on countries united around one idea to be united not only in topical issues of today, but also in studying common history, cultural heritage and building a brighter future.


Erkinjon Turdimov,

Khokim of Samarkand region,

The Republic of Uzbekistan

Member of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis