Since the establishment of the Uzbek State University (present, Samarkand State University) in 1927, the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics has begun its function. For the first time in 1933, scientist, prof. A.M. Titov from Russia was invited to work in physics department in Samarkand and together with A.Yu.Pedder and N.P.Kuznetsov the chair "General Physics" in 1933, the chair "Optics and theoretical physics" were created in 1935.
In 1933, under Prof. AMTitov’s guidance conducted scientific research on solar energy (Geliophysics). for the first time K.T.Abdirashidov, A.Kochnev in 1935, A.Tekuchyov, U.Sultonov and Musa Muminov defended their candidate dissertation under his leadership.
Prof. Muso Muminov's services should be emphasized in the development of physics. In 1944, he appointed as a Rector of Uzbek State University and together he was head of the chair "Theoretical Physics" and then created "General Physics" and "Optics" chair. In 1951 M.Muminov together with H.Haydarov created the first laboratory textbook in the Uzbek language on "Molecular Physics".
In August 1961, the Faculty of Physics was separated from the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics and a new period began in the development of physics. In 1959 A.K.Otakhodjaev was appointed as the head of “Optics” chair (later the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan), which led to the formation of the School of Optics in Samarkand State University.
According to the results of long years of research in the faculty, there were 4 scientific schools have been created. 1. “Optics” (Founder and Academician A.K.Otaxujayev), 2. Nuclear Physics (Founder Prof. Muso Muminov), 3. “Magnetism” (Founder and Professor O. Kuvondikov), 4. Space Physics and Astrophysics ( Founder and the head of the department is Professor B.Mahmudov).
In addition, 2 separate directions were separated and developed from the Optical Science School. Nonlinear optical direction (Scientific adviser prof.L.M.Sobirov) and direction of Molecular luminesology (Scientific supervisor prof.N.Nizomov).
Currently, the Faculty of Physics has 5 departments: optics (head of the department PhD Sharifov G.G.), general physics (head of the department associate professor Z. Shodiev), theoretical physics and quantum electronics (head of the department prof. N. Eshkobilov), solid state physics (Head of the Department, Associate Professor S. Akhrorov), Nuclear Physics and Astronomy (Head of the Department, Associate Professor R. M. Eshboriev).
There are more than 600 Bachelor’s degree program in 4 directions (physics, astronomy, teaching methods of physics and astronomy, biomedicine), and 5 Master’s degree program in specialties ( 1 - physics (in specialties), 2 - physics of the atomic nucleus) and more than 80 qualified masters in elementary particles, physics, accelerator technology.
Currently, the scientific potential of the faculty is 74%, 1 academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 17 doctors of sciences, professors, 35 candidates of sciences, associate professors and 16 senior teachers, assistants, 5 foreign professors also are teaching young people in the departments.