The methodological manual of the same name was published by the head of the Department of Nuclear Physics and Astronomy of Samarkand State University, Professor Rashid Eshburiyev and Deputy Director of the Institute of Human Resources Management and Mahalla Development, Associate Professor Umarbek Eshburiyev.

      This manual, consisting of two parts, examines modern environmental problems, environmental pollution, main types of pollution, natural and man-made pollution, including physical and chemical, man-made noise, vibration, electromagnetic field, thermal radiation, their source, biological pollution . the consequences of natural and anthropogenic pollution and means of protection against them are presented.

      The manual is intended for students of natural sciences and can be used by all interested parties, including specialists involved in global environmental problems, their elimination, and improvement of the environmental situation.


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Samarkand State University.