The laws adopted in Uzbekistan "National training program ", "On education " brought to positive changes in the entire system of national education system, including the primary education.
The first President of the Republic of Uzbekistan IA Karimov emphasized the need for comprehensive training in primary education, in particular the need for all designated primary school teachers in higher education. In this regard, the Samarkand State University established the Department of "Methods of primary education".
On the basis of the Pedagogical Institute named after S. Ayni in 1966-1967 academic years, opened a department "Preschool and elementary education ", which in May 1977 was reorganized into the Department of "Humanities in primary education and teaching methods" At that time, the department was ruled by Associate Professor O. Eshmuradov. The members of the department were : Associate Professor K.Haydarov, Senior Lecturer S.M.Nazarova, teachers : D.S.Begadzhieva, K.Tursunov, D.Ergashev, M.Kuranov, S.Sadikov. Subsequently Professor S.N.Nishonov , Associate Professor H.T.Ahtamova , Associate Professor M. Safin , Associate Professor Sh.K.Shirinboev, Associate Professor F.Badriev, Associate Professor Azimov, Associate Professor H.Z.Ziyadullaev, Associate Professor V.T.Denisenko, Associate Professor Sh.Mahmatmurodov made their research and teaching activities in the department.In connection with the emerging needs in specialists in 1984-1985 years the department was divided into two independent departments.
1.Kafedra preschool and primary education department chair at different times were ruled by;
a)1977-1980 years Associate Professor O.Eshmurodov
b) 1980-1983 years Associate Professor F.Badriev
c) 1984-1985 years Associate Professor S.Nazarova
g ) 1985-1986 years Associate Professor Sh.Mahmatmurodov
d ) 1987-2000 years Associate Professor H.Ziyadullaev
c) 2002-2007 years Associate Professor K.Tursunov
2 . Department of Languages and Literature was headed by;
a) 1982-1987 years Associate Professor H. Ahtamova
b) 1987-1989 years Associate Professor Azimov
c) 1989-1992 years Associate Professor U.Sanakulov
g ) 1992-1997 years Professor N.Turniezov
d ) 1997-1999 years Associate Professor A.Azimov .
During the 2002-2003 academic years on the basis of the department "Elementary Education and educational methods there opened 3 chairs .
1. Department of Primary Education: chairman Associate Professor K.Tursunov
2 . Department "Languages and Literature in Primary Education" – Headed
by Associate Professor Sh.Mahmatmurodov
3 . Department of Natural Sciences – Headed by Associate Professor
During the 2005-2006 academic years the two departments were united into a department of " Methods of primary education " which was headed by Associate Professor K.Tursunov. In 2006-2007 academic years, the department was headed Associate Professor G.Yahshiboev .Activity of the department based on the ideas of national independence. According to the order of the director of the university in 4.05.2008 according to the laws adopted by the ministry "On Education" and the " National Program staff ", the department was divided into two departments: the department "Humanities and methods of teaching" headed by Associate Professor G.Yahshiboev then he was replaced by Associate Professor F.Shodiev and department named "Natural science and methods of teaching " headed Associate Professor H.Nazarov In 2012 on the 1st of November both departments were joined and the head of the Department became Associate Professor F.Shodiev .Today, the department is actively working on the scientific theme "Problems of professional skills and innovative competence future elementary school teachers ."
Currently, the staff of the Department consists of 25,5 teachers , including 10 PhD, 4 associate professors, 17 teachers and one head office.